Featuring one of the most voluminous cargo holds of any civil or military aircraft flying today, the Airbus BelugaST offers a unique way to transport oversized air cargo. Also known as A300-600ST Super Transporter, the company’s five existing Belugas play a key role in keeping its production and assembly network operating at full capacity, with the fleet’s overall pace of operations – managed by the Airbus Transport International (ATI) subsidiary – growing to support production ramp-ups.

The BelugaST’s maiden flight took place in September, 1994 and was awarded certification from the airworthiness authority in October 1995.
In 2020, Airbus began phasing in its fleet of six new-generation BelugaXL versions – which will operate in parallel with the five in-service A300-600STs before replacing them completely.



Overall length56.16 m
Height17.25 m
Wing span44.84 m
Fuselage width7.7 m
Loadable volume length39.1 m
Loadable cross-section max height7.1 m
Loadable cross-section max width7.1 m


Max payload47 tonnes
Max range1,650 km
Max take-off weight155 tonnes
Max landing weight140 tonnes
Max zero fuel weight133.8 tonnes
Max fuel capacity (density = 0.803)23,860 litres


Overall length184 ft 3 in
Height56 ft 7 in
Wing span147 ft 2 in
Loadable volume length128 ft 3 in
Loadable cross-section max width23 ft 3 in
Loadable cross-section max height23 ft 3 in
Loadable cross-section max width23 ft 3 in


Max payload103,617 lb
Max range892 nm
Max take-off Weight341,716 lb
Max landing weight308,647 lb
Max zero fuel weight294,978 lb
Max fuel capacity (density = 0.803)78,484 lb


Airlifter extraordinaire

With more than 20 years of reliable service, the BelugaST airlifts complete sections of Airbus aircraft from different production sites around Europe to the final assembly lines in Toulouse, France and Hamburg, Germany. The five-aircraft fleet of A300-600ST Belugas – operated by the Airbus Transport International (ATI) subsidiary – carries major components (fuselage sections, wings and tails) for Airbus’ single-aisle A320 Family, widebody A330 and A350 families and A400M.

ATI ensures a high level of customer satisfaction with loading, unloading, and delivery designed to be fast, safe, flexible, and reliable – as demonstrated by over two decades of successful operations throughout the world.

The BelugaST also is used for special worldwide operations for other Airbus payloads such as helicopters, satellite components or complete satellites.

Beluga in Finkenwerder
Speed and efficiency

The semi-automated main deck cargo loading system ensures easy and efficient handling of payloads, controlled by the trained crews of Airbus Transport International – which operates the five-aircraft BelugaST fleet.

Beluga in Finkenwerder
Flight deck

The BelugaST retains the same flight deck that is in worldwide operation on Airbus A300-600s and A310s. 

It is flown by two pilots. The main instrument panel incorporates six cathode ray tube (CRT) displays that continuously provide flight, navigation and systems-monitoring information in a clear, comprehensive manner. 

Also included in the cockpit are controls for a transportable heating module that can be installed in the main deck cargo compartment. The module provides temperature-controlled conditions for sensitive payloads carried by the BelugaST, including satellites – and even paintings. 


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